Additional Links and References


  1. Aspects Of Biofouling And Corrosion On Ship Hulls Clad With Copper-Nickel, L.Boulton, C.A. Powell, WB Hudson, , Corrosion and Prevention-99, Sydney, .
  2. Avonclad-a Flexible Neoprene/Copper-Nickel Material for Long Term Antifouling; A Review of Manufacturing, Tests and Recent Installations, Brockbank, J. W., pp 101-103, , London, Paper from Marine Engineering With Copper-Nickel, Institue of Metals Conference Proceedings .
  3. Copper-Nickel Alloys Resistance to Corrosion and Biofouling, Powell, C. A. and Michels, H. T., Seminar Technical Report, 7044-1919, , Corrosion 2000, NACE, Original title: The Application of Copper Nickel Alloys in Marine Systems .
  4. Copper Nickel Piping Reduces Costs, Biofouling, Corrosion, Albaugh, E. Kurt, Publication 704/4, CDA, .
  5. Corrosion and Biofouling Protection of Ship Hulls Using Copper-Nickel, Powell, C. A, , International Conference on Marine Corrosion Prevention: A Re-Appraisal for the Next Decade, London, .
  6. Corrosion and Biofouling Resistance of Copper-Nickel in Offshore and Other Marine Applications, Powell, C. A., Vol. 2, pp 188-200, , UK Corrosion and Eurocorr 94, Bournemouth, UK, .
  7. Corrosion and Marine Fouling Characteristics of Copper Nickel -Alloys, Kirk, W. W., T. S. Lee, and R. O. Lewis, Paper 16, , CDA Conference Copper in Marine Environments, .
  8. Efficiency of Copper and Cupronickel Substratum to Resist Development of Diatom Biofilms, Jagadish et al., Int Biodeteriation and Degradation, Vol. 105, pp 203-214, , DOI: 10.1016/j.ibiod.2015.08.020, .
  9. Long-Term Exposure Trials Evaluating the Biofouling Resistance of Copper Nickel Alloy Sheathing Materials, Campbell S., Fletcher, R. and Powell, C., , The 12th International Congress on Marine Corrosion and Fouling, Southampton, UK, .
  10. Preventing Biofouling with Copper Nickel, CDA Publication, 157, .
  11. Review of Splash Zone Corrosion and Biofouling of C70600 Sheathed Steel During 20 Years Exposure, Powell, C. and Michels, H., Eurocorr 2006, Maastricht, .
  12. Sea water Corrosion Resistance of 70-10 and 70-30 Copper nickel-14 year Exposures, Efird, K. D. and D. B. Anderson, Materials Performance, Vol. 14, 11, pp 37-40, , .
  13. The Immobilization of Copper by Marine Fouling Organisms, Jones E.D.B., Blunn, G., Fletcher, R., INCRA report 332, , .
  14. The Interrelation of Corrosion and Fouling of Metals in Seawater, Efird, K. D., Materials Performance, Vol. 15, 4, pp 16-25, , .
  15. Thermal-Sprayed Copper-Nickel Coatings on Steel, Perkins, R. A. and D. L. Marsh, , Final Report on INCRA Project 376 .
  16. Thirteen Year Results of Long-Term Copper-Nickel Sheathed Piling Studies, Pikul, S. J. and B. S. Phull, , Annual Report, ICA Project No. 358 .