Additional References

  • Behavior of CuNi10FelMn-Clad Ship Plates in Sea Water; by P. Drodten and H. Pircher; Werkstoffe und Korrosion41 (1990), pp 59-64.
  • CA-70-6 Copper-Nickel Alloy Hulls: The COPPER MARINER'S Experience and Economics; by J.L. Manzolillo, E.W. Thiele and A.H. Tuthill; SNAME Annual Meeting, November 1966.
  • Comparison of Three Methods of Coating Ship Surfaces to Control Underwater Roughness, by R.P. Nelson, E.G. Palumbo and R.D. Sedat; Center for Maritime Studies, Webb Institute of Naval Architecture, November 1983.
  • Corrosion Resistance of Wrought 90-10 Copper-Nickel-Iron Alloy Marine Environments; The International Nickel Co., Inc., Feb. 1975.
  • Hull Experiments on 24-Knot R0/R0 Vessels Directed Toward Fuel-Saving Application of Copper-Nickel;  by E. Schorsch, R.T. Bicicchi and J.W. Fu, SNAME Annual Meeting Paper, November 1978.
  • Last Harbor for the Oldest Ship, by S.W. Katsev, M.L. Katsev; National Geographic, 146, No. 5, Nov. 1974 pp. 618-625.
  • Pulsed MIG Spot Welding of Copper-Nickel to Steel for Ship's Hulls;  by L.W. Sandor, Final Report, INCRA Project No. 352, INCRA, March 1983.
  • Skin Friction Resistance and the Effects of Surface Roughness; by F.H. Todd, Trans. Soc. of Naval Arch. & Marine Engineers, 59 (1951).
  • The Resistance of Ships, with Special Reference to Skin Friction and Hull Surface Condition, by H. Lackenby, Institute of Mechanical Engineers, T.L. Cray Lecture, 1962.