Uses of Copper Compounds: Table A - Uses of Copper Sulphate

Major uses Preparation of Bordeaux and Burgundy mixtures for use as fungicides
Manufacture of other copper fungicides such as copper-lime dust, tribasic
copper sulphate, copper carbonate and cuprous oxide
Manufacture of insecticides such as copper arsenite and Paris green
Control of fungus diseases (see Table B)
Correction of copper deficiency in soils
Correction of copper deficiency in animals
Growth stimulant for fattening pigs and broiler chickens
Molluscicide for the destruction of slugs and snails, particularly the snail host of the liver fluke
Other uses Seed dressing
Soil steriliser, e.g. Cheshunt compound (a mixture of copper sulphate and ammonium carbonate) to prevent "damping-off" disease of tomato, etc.
Control and prevention of foot rot in sheep and cattle
Bacteriastat for addition to sheep dips
Disinfectant in prevention of the spread of swine erysepelas and white scours in calves
Control of scum in farm ponds
Plant nutrient in rice fields
Preservative for wooden posts, wooden buildings, etc.
Preservative for wooden fruit boxes, planting baskets and other containers
Ingredient of vermin repellents, e.g. for application to bark of trees against rabbits
Stimulant of latex yield on rubber plantations
Protection against algal growths on flower pots
Public Health and Medicine
Destruction of algal blooms in reservoirs and swimming pools
Prevention of the spread of athletes foot in warm climates, by incorporation in the flooring mixture of swimming baths
Control of bilharzia in tropical countries, as a molluscicide
Prevention of malaria, in the preparation of Paris green for use against mosquito larvae
Antiseptic and germicide against fungus infections
Catalyst or raw material for the preparation of copper catalysts used in the manufacture of pharmaceutical products
Adhesives Preservative in casein and other glues
Additive to book binding pastes and glues, for insecticidal purposes
Additive to animal and silicate glues to give water resistance
Building Timber preservative and in the preparation of other wood preservatives, e.g. oil based copper naphthenates and water based copper/chrome/arsenic for the
prevention of woodworms and wood rots
Ingredient of plaster to prevent fungus infection, e.g. to prevent the spread of dry rot
Ingredient of concrete, both as a colouring matter and as an antiseptic, e.g. for use in and around swimming pools
Modification of the setting of concrete
Protection against lichens, moulds and similar growths on asbestos cement roofing and other building materials
Control of the growth of tree roots in sewers
Chemical Preparation of catalysts for use in many industries
Purification of gases, e.g. removal of hydrogen chloride and hydrogen sulphide
Precipitation promoter in purifying zinc sulphate solutions
Precipitation of alkaloids as double salts from crude extracts
Source of other copper compounds such as copper carbonate silicate/arsenite/
aceto-arsenite/resinate/stearate/tartrate/oleate naphthenate/chromate/chlorate
/alginate/fluoride/hydroxide, cuprous oxide/chloride/cyanide and
cuprammonium compounds
Decorative trades Colouring glass
Colouring cement and plaster
Colouring ceramic wares
Alteration of metal colours, e.g. darkening of zinc, colouring aluminium
Dyestuffs Reagent in the preparation of dyestuffs intermediates
Catalyst or raw material for the preparation of copper catalysts, e.g. preparation of phenols from diazo compounds, preparation of phthalocyanine dyes
Leather and Mordant in dyeing
Reagent in tanning processes
Metal and Electrolyte in copper refining
electrical Electrolyte in copper plating and electro forming
Electrolytic manufacture of cuprous compounds, e.g. cuprous oxide
Constituent of the electrodes and electrolytes in batteries
Electrolyte in the manufacture of copper powder
Electrolyte in aluminium plating and anodising
Copper coating steel wire, prior to wire drawing
Pickling copper wire, etc., prior to enamelling
Providing a suitable surface for marking out iron and steel
Mining Flotation reagent in the concentration of ores, e.g. zinc blende
Paint Raw material for the manufacture of copper naphthenate and other copper compounds for use in anti-fouling paints
Preparation of certain varnish or paint dryers, e.g. copper oleate, copper stearate
Preparation of certain pigments, e.g. copper chromate, copper ferrocyanide, copper phthalocyanine
Printing Etching agent for process engraving
Electrolyte in the preparation of electrotype
Ingredient of printing inks
Synthetic rubber Preparation of catalysts used in cracking certain gaseous and liquid petroleum
and petroleum Fractions
Preparation of cuprous chloride, used in the purification of butadiene and in the separation of acetylene derivatives
Preparation of catalysts used in chlorinating rubber latex
Purification of petroleum oils
Textiles Preparation of copper compounds for rot-proofing canvas and other fabrics
Rot-proofing sandbags
Mordant, especially in calico printing
Cuprammonium process for the production of rayon
Production of aniline black and diazo colours for dyeing
"After coppering" to increase the fastness of dyes
Catalyst in the manufacture of cellulose ethers and in cellulose acetylation
Miscellaneous Improving the burning qualities of coke
Laboratory analytical work
Ingredient of laundry marking ink
Dyeing of hair and horn
Ingredient of hair dyes of the phenylene diamine or pyrogallol type
Preparation of chlorophyll as a colouring material for food stuffs
Imparting a green colour in fireworks
Activator in the preparation of active carbons
Preservative for wood pulp
Preservation of fishing nets and hides on trawls
Obtaining a blue-black finish on steel
Treatment of carbon brushes
Ingredient of the solution used for preserving plant specimens in their natural colours
Impregnation in fruit wrapping papers to prevent storage rots