References

References

  1. Application of Copper Nickel UNS C70600 for Seawater Service, Wilhelm Schleich, Paper No 5222, , CORROSION/2005, Houston, NACE International, .
  2. Copper Nickel 90-10; The Optimum Piping Material for Sea Water Service, Jasner, M., & Steinkamp, K., , KM Europa Metal Aktiengesellschaft, .
  3. Copper Nickel Piping for Offshore Platforms, Application Data Sheet 708/5, CDA Inc, .
  4. Copper Nickel Piping Reduces Costs, Biofouling, Corrosion, Albaugh, E. Kurt, Publication 704/4, CDA, .
  5. CuNi 9/10 Piping, The Optimum Material for Sea Water Service, Beckmann, W., Hecht, M., Jasner, M., & Steinkamp, K., , KM Europa Metal Aktiengesellschaft, .
  6. Cu-Ni Seawater Piping Systems, Wildsmith, G., pp 65-71, , Institute of Metals Conference, London, .
  7. Heat Exchangers and Piping Systems from Copper Alloys - Commissioning, Operating and Shutdown, M. Jasner, M. Hecht and W. Beckman, , KME, .
  8. Materials for Seawater Pipeline Systems, , CDA UK Publication 38 and German DKI publication No. s 203 .
  9. Protection of Seawater System Pipework and Heat Exchanger Tubes in HM Surface Ships and Submarines in Sea Water Systems, Standard 02-781 Issue 2, , UK Ministry of Defence, Not available online but inquiries can be sent to the DStan Helpdesk at enquiries@dstan.mod.uk .
  10. Salt Water Piping Systems in Ships, British Standard BS MA 18, , ISBN: 0580078337, .
  11. Selection of Materials for Seawater Systems, Todd, B. and Lovett, P.A., UK, Institute of Marine Engineers, .
  12. The Application of Copper Nickel Alloys in Marine Systems. Material Selection for High Reliability Sea Water Systems, B. Todd, Seminar Technical Report 7044-1919, CDA Inc, The Application of Copper Nickel Alloys in Marine Systems. .
  13. The Behaviour of CuNi 90/10 vs 6Mo Superaustenitic and Superduplex Steels in Marine Environments, Jasner, M., Hecht, M., and Beckmann, W., , Osnabruck, KME Europa Metal Aktiengesellschaft, .
  14. The Design and Installation of 90-10 Copper Nickel Sea Water Piping Systems, Publication 1107, Nickel Development Institute, .
  15. Typical Failures of 90/10 CuNi Sea water Tubing Systems and How to Avoid Them, Schleich, Wilhelm, , Eurocorr 2004, NACE, .